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Top 5 natural insulation materials

Top 5 natural insulation materials

Top 5 natural insulation materials

Written by Lizanne | 18 october 2018 | Tiny House

Written by Lizanne | 18 october 2018 | Tiny House

Lots of things you need to decide when building a Tiny House or any other house. One of those things is choosing the insulation materials. We chose to build our house as natural and ecological as possible. Are you looking at insulation materials? We put down our top 5!

Flax

Let’s start with our favorite one, flax insulation! Although this one is not so popular yet, it is very sustainable and has many benefits. First of all, insulation flax is fully cradle to cradle, which means it can be reused unlimited. It is 100% recyclable and degradable. Also, it has a heat storage capacity, which means it regulates temperature. In summer it makes your house cooler and in winter warmer. Besides, flax regulates moisture very well. Because of that, mod can’t be formed.

  • Cradle to cradle
  • 100 % recyclable & degradable
  • Regulates temperature
  • Comfortable and healthy indoor climate
  • Regulates moisture
  • Fire safe
  • Doesn’t age
  • Sound insulating
  • Diffusion open
  • None

Hemp

Secondly, hemp is a very good and natural insulation material. Hemp grows on a hemp plant, which grows easily and really fast. It clears air, because it absorbs a lot of carbon. Furthermore hemp insulation is 100% recyclable. Just like flax, hemp is moisture regulating. However it is vulnerable to moisture and shouldn’t be used in a moisture rich room or home. Another important note, hemp is flammable and fire-retardants should be used.

  • Saves CO2
  • 100% recyclable
  • Grows easily and fast
  • Moisture regulating
  • Sound insulating
  • Diffusion open
  • Regulates temperature
  • Flammable
  • Vulnerable to moisture

Wood fibre

Another natural insulation material is wood fibre. Wood fibre is just like flax fully cradle to cradle. Also, wood fibres naturally contain a large amount of carbon. These carbon cells are extracted from the atmosphere and then stored in the wood. Wood fibre is flammable, but it does have an ash layer on the outside, which slows the fire. Lastly wood fibre has a high heat storage capacity. So, it keeps the heat out in the summer and keeps the house warm in winter.

  • Cradle to cradle
  • Positive CO2 balance
  • Sound insulating
  • Diffusion open
  • Easy handling
  • Comfortable indoor climate
  • Regulates temperature
  • Flammable
    • Ash layer slows fire

Recycled cotton ​

On this list we have also a recycled insulation material: cotton. Lots of clothes are thrown away, which can be used to make recycled cotton insulation. The clothes are sorted and then heated to 100 degrees with a binding polyester fibre, melted together into an insulation blanket. Cotton has a very high sound insulation, it absorbs 95% of sound! Also, cotton is a very flexible material. It turns back in its old form when being pressed.

  • Recycled
  • Easy handling
  • High sound insulation
  • Fire save
  • Diffusion open
  • Flexible
  • Vulnerable to moisture

Cellulose (recycled paper)​

Lastly, cellulose is a very good recycled insulation material. Cellulose insulation usually gets made of newspapers. To make newspaper suitable for insulation purposes, it is mechanically shredded and boron salt is added. This makes the material fire-resistant and mod-resistant. Also, cellulose repels sun. This means that living spaces just under the roof remain much cooler, even during hot summer months.

  • Recycled
  • Fire-resistant
  • Mod-resistant
  • Cooler roof in summer
  • Sound insulation
  • Vulnerable to moisture

Share this blog with your friends! Also follow us on Instagram to see our Tiny House build progress. What insulation material are you going to use? Let us know in the comments. We would love to hear.

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